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Child Welfare Demonstration Project in China 5 provinces 12 Countries

录入时间:2013-09-01 16:00 来源:儿童福利网

 

Child Welfare Demonstration Project in China 15 rovinces 12 Countries

Ministry of Civil Affairs . Department  of Social Welfare and Charity Promotion  China Philanthropy  Research Institute  unicef

Dwnload:  Child Welfare Demonstration Project in China 15 rovinces 12 Countries


FOREWORD
In 2011, the growth of China’s economy is faster than that of last year’s for 9.2%. As the economy and the society bloom during the 12th national 5-year plan, the accompanying social welfare system also progresses gradually, and the quality of child welfare services improves.
The recently promulgated China National Program for Child Development (2011-2020) pointed out that China’s child welfare is going through a transition from a residual welfare model to an appropriately universal framework. In the
12th 5-year plan, the Ministry of Civil Affairs put emphasis on the development of social welfare, especially a welfare framework for the aged, the disabled, the orphans, and the people in poverty, the gradual expansion of social welfare safety net, and the transition from a residual welfare model to an appropriately universal framework. The Ministry of Health pointed out that the Basic Medical and Health Care System for children and women will be able to cover all cities and villages in China in 10 years. In addition, the Ministry of Education is planning to include all permanent residents to the local education development programs.
Throughout practice, the child welfare services to the orphans are expanding from covering merely a minor proportion of children under the nation’s guardianship to covering other children under difficult circumstances in the society. This is not only an increase in the number of people under the coverage, but also a change of the covered population: The services used to be available only to orphans in the orphanages, but now all orphans, including the ones living with relatives and friends, can enjoy the services.
Under this social context, and on the basis of the work in the past year, the China Child Welfare Demonstration Project (2010-2015) in the 120 villages in the 5 provinces, jointly carried out by the Department of Social Welfare and Charity Promotion, UNICEF China, and Beijing Normal University China Philanthropy Research Institute, and with the great assistance of child welfare village directors, continued to function in the village child welfare service centers to assess children’s vulnerability, facilitate educative games and activities, offer services, including family education, birth registration, school transportation, medical insurance application, and marriage postponement education, to local families, and offer assistance to orphans and families with difficulties by reporting the issue to local government and registering for the orphans in the system. The project has shown significant effect and serves as a basis for the design of relevant child welfare policies and regulations.

Child Welfare Demonstration Project Team
May 2012


CONTENT

The operating system and content of the China Child Welfare Demonstration
Project
List of the 120 Child Welfare Village Directors
Achievements in 2011
Benefits to the children in the 120 villages
Improvements in the child welfare service system at the grass root level Formation of standardized techniques and service requirements Establishment of the child welfare database
Increase in society’s awareness on child welfare issues
Project Activities in 2011
Actions of the village Child Welfare Directors
Research and Advocates Supervision and Summarization Challenges and Future Expectations

Framework of Child Welfare Demonstration Project in China

MCA, Bureau of Civil Affairs, Prefectures and county levels, village child welfare directors vulnerability
monitoring and supporting

Placement and Forster Care Hukou registration support

Allowance for poor children and orphans and monitoring of its use; income generation support

Household visits, children’s activities and psychosocial support

Schooling support; vocational training and employment support to older children

Community

Family

Children

ECD Support

Protection to children with special needs

Health and Nutrition support

Social security and medical insurance for children and care givers

Child right advocacy


Expert committee and technical support team:
Technical support, policy and replicability studies, social mobilization and advocacy




Project Achievement in 2011


Benefits to the children in the 120 villages


All children in the 120 pilot project villages are now under the coverage of assessments and household visits. Children have access to learning and entertaining resources and activities at the village Child Welfare service centers: A great proportion of the older children benefited from the vocational training programs. Children’s right to survival, protection, development and participation are hence fulfilled.

v' More than 70,000 children received household visits by village Child Welfare Directors. v'24965 children and care takers participated in educational activities on child development. v'14000 children receive critical illness insurance offered by the government
v'6638 children participated in group children activities
v'396 children received Warmth Packages (a package that contains winter clothes, winter shoes, etc.) for winter
v'2600 children got governmental subsidies for low-income families
v'1841 children received orphan allowance
v'1712 children got birth registration with the help of village Child Welfare Directors, county Bureau of Civil Affairs, and
county Public Security Bureau
v'1190 children received donations of necessities for school and life
v'340 once dropped-off children were sent back to school
v'60 children’s families received support on income generation and profited
v'21 severely ill children received extra medical allowance

Project Achievement in 2011
 Improvements in the child welfare service system at the grass root level

•  The village child welfare service centers are further ameliorated: 120 village child welfare service centers now are equipped with
TVs, DVD players, recorders, bookshelves, desks, and chairs. Children and their care takers can participate in
•  The skills of the village Child Welfare Directors has improved: After intensive training and practice, and with the guide of experts, the 120 Child Welfare Directors are now able to lead children and their care takers to participate in all sorts of cultural and social activities, to recognize and provide services for children in difficulties, to report the situation and issues in the village to the township government and to the county BCA, in order to receive resources to fulfill children’s demands.
•  The prefecture and county BCA’s awareness on children’s rights has increased: BCA workers are now able to design their programs using a universally benefitting framework, work for avoiding children’s vulnerability in the whole children population, to work in liaison with other relevant departments and organizations to provide services on survival, development, and protection for children under difficult circumstances
 Formation of standardized techniques and service requirements


•  Further polished and ameliorated the Child Welfare Director Handbook and the Village Child Welfare Service Center Management

Handbook on the basis of the work in the last 2 years

•  Finished writing the Child Welfare Director’s Social Work Methods, which offers technical guidelines for the village Child Welfare

Directors for offering direct services to children

•  Finished writing the Project Management Handbook and the Children Activities Guidebook

•  Developed standardized systems in village Child Welfare director assessment, household visit, information processing, work in child welfare service center, volunteer management, and specific issue management
•  Finished writing the 2012 Child Welfare Director Handbook and the Child Development Diary and sent them to the pilots.

Project Achievement in 2011

  Establishment of the child welfare database


•  The integrated database, which contains information on children at the pilots, on the child welfare organizations in

China, and on child welfare policies in China and around the world, is preliminarily  established.

•  The findings in the researches on children under difficult circumstances and their families are implemented in practice:

in-depth researches on older orphans and children and women living with HIV have been conducted. Data were collected and used for writing research reports, which pave the way for future child welfare policies with specific focuses. .


 Increase in society’s awareness on child welfare issues


•  Researches and advocacies on the project served as a basis for many policies related to child welfare carried out recently by the government
•  Increasingly more individuals and organizations from the civil society are now involved in advocating for and contributing to a better child welfare system: Celebrities and medias are taking active roles in spreading the words for child welfare, and individual and organizations are making commitments in providing children welfare services. For example, Pu Cunxin Love Fund has organized a public donation of life and sport supplies for children in Yingjiang, Yunnan; In addition, John Swire & Sons Ltd. in Hong Kong and Right to Play are offering early childhood development services through the village Child Welfare director system in the pilots in Yunnan.

project  Activities in 2011

Project Activities in 2011
Actions of village Child welfare directors

Household Visits

The 120 village Child Welfare Directors have paid household visits to around 80,000 children. They do thorough research on every child and his or her family’s circumstances, spread the words on child care, child safety, right to education, and
postponement of marriage to every care taker, and offer immediate intervention as soon as they recognize problems.


Identifying the problem:

Project Activities in 2011
Actions of village Child welfare directors


 The reasons for no birth registration:

Parents do not see the importance of birth registration

Most of the children were given birth at home, instead of at the hospital.

Without a birth certificate issued by the hospital, a child cannot get birth registration. Some children were unplanned births. They cannot get birth registration
because they cannot afford the social maintenance fees.
 

The causes of dropping out from school:

The guardians consider the returns of working and getting married bigger than the return of education

Children need to drop out and take care of the whole family when the family lacks labor force.

Solving problems:

Spread the words on the importance of birth registration, education, and the harms of underage marriage

Assist the guardians with preparation of necessary documents for birth registration

This is extracted
from the work summary of one of the village Child Welfare Directors.

In the past year, every village Child Welfare director strived to help the children with the same amount of passion.

Report the issue that there are 105 children without birth registration to the township government and the county BCA The county government has already helped 95 children get their birth registration
Help the orphans enter the orphan registration system and apply for allowance. 11 children in the village now receive allowance of 350 CNY per month.
Report the situation of the impoverished families to higher level organization, so that they can receive allowance and support on income generation.
Further plan:

Play movies and cartoons, teach science and knowledge on HIV, and spread the words on the right of children on weekends at the child welfare service center.
Bring children with disabilities to larger hospitals

Help children’s families apply for loans from credit unions for house renovation

Project Activities in 2011
Actions of village Child welfare directors

Fig. 1 Child Welfare director in Longchuan County, Yunnan is working with children at the child welfare service center.
Fig. 2 The village Child Welfare director and the staff member at Luoning County project office are visiting destitute families and students participating in vocational training. They are trying to persuade the student who’s tired of school and want to drop out, and to collect information for developing further measures.
Fig.3 The village Child Welfare direct in Yingjiang, Yunnan is doing household visit.

Project Activities in 2011
Actions of village Child welfare directors
Special Service for Vulnerable Children
Below are the services offered to children faced with hindrances to their survival, development, protection, and participation:
Assistance with Hukou registration
Temporary financial aid to children who do not have necessary documents yet for Hukou registration.
Help with children’s schooling
Obtaining loans for renovations for families living in dilapidated houses

Support income generation activities by leading the village to help impoverished families repair their sheepfold and pigpens.
Help children in poverty get governmental low income allowance
Distribute donated supplies to children in poverty
Help children who suffer from severe illness get medical aid


Xiaoyun (alias) is a 6-year-old girl of Hui ethnicity. She cannot live on her own because of cerebral palsy. Her father is disabled and unable to work, and her mother constantly needs to be at home to look after her and her brother. The whole family lives on 5 acres of farmland and the low income allowance. The Child Welfare director in the village reported the situation of her family to the officers at the county BCA, who then offered Xiaoyun a free wheelchair. The wheelchair makes it easier for Xiaoyun to move around on her own. It also frees her mother, so that her mother has more time to earn money.
 


Dong, Mabeng  Longchuan County, Dehong Prefecture, Yunnan


Mabeng Dong has been the county Child Welfare director since the project was launched. She picked the first team of village Child Welfare Directors. After having finished the Child Welfare Demonstration Project grass root level survey, she constructed a database that contains information of 7866 families, 33979 people (in which there are 9118 children) in the pilot villages, and she assisted project specialists with training of village Child Welfare Directors. She was elected to be the deputy director of BCA in Longchuan County and is now responsible for child welfare related work.

Wang, Yan  Caiha Village, Butuo Township, Liangshan Yi Prefecture, Sichuan


Since June 2010, Yan Wang has been the Child Welfare director at Xiawu Village. After getting basic information of children in the village, she has been paying household visits to more than 8 families a week. She has helped 13 children get their birth registration, has persuaded 4 dropped-out children to go back to school, and assisted 390 children with applying for the New Rural Cooperative Medical Insurance, and has established a management and supervision framework for child welfare services, in order to make sure that children get sustainable support. Her outstanding performance led her to the post of the deputy steward in Caiha Village, Butuo County.

Project Activities in 2011

Children’s Group Activities

With the help of experts and the BCAs of the 12
Counties, the village Child Welfare Directors have coordinated a lot of children’s group activities at weekends and holidays. These educational activities cover issues like cultural diversity, traffic safety, sexual and reproductive health in adolescence, nutrition, etc. These activities help children build their knowledge and their communication skill, and
promote their physical and mental health and their relationship with their parents.

Project Activities in 2011

Children’s day activities

1   BCA of Yining County, Xinjiang Province and the County Women’s Federation distributed toys, stationaries, extracurricular readings, and sport supplies to children at the pilot.  (Fig.1)

2  A Children’s Day Culture Show took place at the pilots in Huocheng

County, Xinjiang.

3  A Children’s Day Culture Show was held at Shangcai County, Henan.

4   The pilot at Xia County, Shanxi held an event called “Get to Know Your Parents, Experience the Life, and Thank the Society” based on the China Child Welfare Demonstration Project Child Development Diary. (Fig.2)

5  The BCA in Ruili City, Yunnan held a “Sweet Children’s Day” fieldtrip


6  The BCA in Zhaojue County, Sichuan gave each child a quill and 30 pounds of rice. (Fig.3)

7  China Center for Child Welfare and Adoption donated 200,000 CNY for children in poverty in Butuo County, Sichuan. They gave each child a bed, a set of bedding supplies, a desk, and some stationaries.

Project Activities in 2011

Mother's Day

The BCA inYiningCounty,Xinjiang held an event for children called “Caring for Children: Thank Your Mother”, which educated the children on caring for their mother. (Fig.1)

Chinese New Year’s day activities


The project officers of Beijing Normal University China Philanthropy Research Institute, the representatives of One Foundation, and the donors’ representatives went to Jiudu Village, Muer Village, and Tuojue Township in Butuo County, Sichuan, to distribute the donated
winter clothes to the local children. (Fig.2)


The BCA in Jinyang County, Sichuan sent winter clothes to students, to make sure that they can celebrate a warm Yi New Year. (Fig.3)
 
Project Activities in 2011

Christmas and New Year’s day
The village Child Welfare director in Huocheng County, Xinjiang found out about the poor circumstances in a child’s family. She applied for a wheelchair for the child from the county BCA and sent it to the child’s home.

Fig.1

The village Child Welfare director in Xia County, Shanxi used the UNICEF greeting cards to hold an event called “Send My Wishes through the Cards”. They taught the “left-behind” children how to send their New Year greetings to their parents far away by mailing cards.


The project director in Yining County, Xinjang and the Child Welfare Directors brought the China Child Welfare Demonstration Project Child Development Diary, the New Year greeting cards, and the picture books on children’s right to elementary schools in the villages, as the New
Year gifts for the children. (Fig.1)

Holiday and vocation activities
An event called “Grow Happily, Live Healthily” was held in Jinyang County, Sichuan. Both children and parents participated in the series of games and activities at the event, which promoted the communication in families.


Project Activities in 2011

Older teens get professional training
With the help of the county BCAs, children with age of 15-18 picked by the village Child Welfare Directors went to technical schools to learn vocational skills, such as computer science, automobile maintenance, cultivation, etc. Besides the vocational skills, the training programs also helped them build their self- esteem, confidence, autonomy, and social skills.

Project Activities in 2011


In September 2010, the Child Welfare Demonstration Project launched the first vocational skill training program for older youths in the pilot in Jinyang County, Sichuan. The training was for raising sheep and preventing sheep diseases. 60 free sheep were given to 30 older youths.


The income from selling wool is enough for buying a family’s salt and oil. So far, the
60 sheep have already had 48 breeds, the smallest of which weighs 20 pounds, the largest 45 pounds.


In 2012, the county BCA will keep holding training programs and will give 120 sheep to another 60 older youths for free.

Project Activities in 2011

Equipping the Child Welfare Service Center
With the guidance of specialists, the village Child Welfare Directors and the children decorated and equipped the child welfare services centers altogether. The center is now used for a lot of activities.


Project Activities in 2011
Research and Advocates

Information collection and sharing of results
Specialists collect information relevant to the project to compile the China Child Welfare Demonstration Project Monthly Report and the articles in the special column in the Social Welfare journal. The monthly report and the journal are sent to people who do child-welfare-related work, including scholars, government officers, and NGOs.
We have also launched the Child Welfare Website (www.childwelfarecn.org), which give everybody, including specialists, government personnel, NGOs, and the civil society, access to information related to child welfare.
The project specialists often travel to the pilots to help
the local BCA and the village Child Welfare Directors analyze the needs of children under difficult circumstances and look for possible ways to support them.
Besides training the village Child Welfare Directors, the specialists also strive to ameliorate the child welfare director system, by developing detailed guidance for dealing with children’s health issues, information management, special case services, etc.

Project Activities in 2011

The Child Welfare Week
During the week of International Children’s Day, the leading organizations of the project (MCA, UNICEF, and BNU CPRI), altogether with media, celebrities, and other NPIs for children, held the second annual China Child Welfare Week event: “Welfare for the Children, Children for the Future of the Nation”

Project Activities in 2011

The Child Welfare Week launch was hosted by the child representative from one of the pilots and Manyu Zhang, the UNICEF China Goodwill Ambassador. The participating government personnel, media, NGOs, and professionals listened to the voice of the children.
Fig.1  Fig.2

Fig.1 On the 2011 Child Welfare Week launch, Mr. Etienne P. Poirot, the chief of HIV section of UNICEF China, and Zhenyao Wang, the dean of BNU China Philanthropy Research Institute, are with the children from the pilots.


Fig.2 The Goodwill Ambassador of UNICEF China, Manyu Zhang, is celebrating the launch of the
Child Welfare Week with the children.

Project Activities in 2011

During the Child Welfare Week, BNU China Philanthropy
Institute promulgated the China Child Welfare Policy Report
2011.


In the report it was pointed out that, children’s security, especially that of orphans, disabled children, homeless children, left-behind children, single parent children, children affected by violence, and children affected by HIV, is the one of the weak point in China’s child welfare.


Therefore, the report suggested that the government should prioritize the issues of children’s severe disease, children with disabilities, children’s rehabilitation, and early education in system building. According to our budget estimation, 60,000,000,000 CNY should be enough for launching the child welfare programs above.

Project Activities in 2011
The Discovery Report: Emerging Issues and Findings for Child Welfare and Protection in China (2011) was promulgated during the China Child Welfare Week. The book called for the government’s, the legislative’s, the corporates’, and the specialists’ attention and participation in China’s child welfare, in order to promote the development of the child welfare system by joining the forces of all sectors in the society, and thus make a better world and a better
future for the children.

Project Activities in 2011

“China Child Welfare Week” – “Liangshan Trip”
The leading organizations of the project, together with media including CCTV, traveled to the pilot in Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan, launched the village child welfare service center with the local government, and participated in children’s group activities. Later, the representatives of the leading organizations followed the village Child Welfare Directors for household visits to the local families, got to know the village Child Welfare Directors’ 8 major types of support to the local children as well as the challenges they face. Specialists provided targeted advice at the scene.
 

“China Child Welfare Week”  -- “Approaching Yingjiang”


Pu Cunxin Love Fund has organized an online public donation of life supplies, stationaries, and toys for children affected by the earthquake in Yunnan. And through interactive games, they promoted children’s psychological recovery and their understanding of preventing drug abuse and HIV.

Supervision  and Summarization


Training for the village Child Welfare Directors


Through practical guiding, organizing training programs, distributing handouts, and using information and communication technologies, the specialists and the BCA personnel provided a whole set of information and knowledge on this brand new job for the village Child Welfare Directors.


The village Child Welfare Directors took advantage of all kinds of opportunities to learn and build social work skills as well.

 Fig.1 The training for the newly recruited village Child Welfare Directors in Jinyang, Sichuan


Fig.2 The village Child Welfare Directors in Ruili City, Yunnan are watching the talk show on abandoned children

Supervision and Guidance


Using the supervision guidelines developed by our specialists, the leading organizations of the project joined the BCA to visit the pilots for multiple times and supervise the operation of the projects. By going through the documents, visiting the village child welfare service centers, interviewing children and their care takers, and observing the work of the village Child Welfare Directors, they learn about the status and efficiency of the project on grass root level and adjust the overall plan based on the local context.
Fig.1 The project specialists are supervising the pilot in Liangshan, Sichuan (April 2012)


Fig.2 The Project specialist is supervising in pilot

Communication, summarization and future expectation


Besides daily communication, the village Child Welfare Directors, government personnel for counties, prefectures, and provinces, specialists, and leading organizations of the project got together on the China Child Welfare Demonstration Project Meeting for Wrapping-up for work in 2011 and Planning for work in
2012, and shared, summarized, collided, and pondered, in order to find more accurate directions for future work.
 
Challenges and Future Expectation

It was the smiling faces of children that motivated us to keep meeting the challenges: We are still exploring on how to shape some traditions that are hindrances to children’s development, how to effectively promote the villagers’ and the care takers’ awareness on children’s right issues, how to help children under difficult circumstances get allowance and support, and how to foster the existing service system and make it more efficient. In
2012, we will continue to actively look after every child and, together with families and
the society, strive to reduce the number of children under difficult circumstances, and alleviate the difficulties they are facing.
 


Editor: Shan Xu
Proofreader: Jie Li

 
Care for the children of others as we care for our own.

Support village child welfare directors

Help every child in need

 

Visit child welfare website and know more about child welfare demonstration project
www.childwelfarecn.org

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