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China Dream for Children China Child Welfare Policy Report 2013

录入时间:2013-07-02 11:30 来源:未知

Abstract

With the stable social-economic development and intensive public concerns, in 2012, China’s child welfare has stepped into a new stage which presents continuous innovations comprising of the policy progress and the shift from consolidating disadvantaged children’s welfare to institutional child welfare with the synergies of governments and civil society.

 

Since 2012, in respect of the development of child welfare policies and public’s participation in child welfare services, it is worth noticing that

 

A.The expanding coverage of child welfare bonus benefits 616,000 orphans nationwide with the amount of ¥2.43 billion from central finance, and extends to more disadvantaged children such as the children with caregiver absent.

 

B. Institutional special subsidy system further developed in terms of 27 provinces  launching early education subsidy system and 680 national pilot areas’ implementation of nutrition improvement plan for rural students under compulsory schooling.  

 

C. Reflection on child welfare systems that contributes to policy progress has been triggered by a series of vicious incidents on the violation of children’s rights, thereby bringing about governments’ actions in the norm of teaching staff, the safety of school bus, adoption policies and so forth.

 

D. Government’s purchase of public services advances the professionalization of child charity services. In 2012, central finance allocated ¥57 million to 102 child services programs.

 

China is implementing a new decade child development outline and dedicating to the inclusive welfare on 300 million young people aged less than 18 years. In light of UNCRC’s article stating that a child’s best interests should always come first, it is crucial to implement national strategy on child welfare applying to economic development.

 

We suggest:

 

------Design comprehensive child welfare system framework, balance the responsibility of raising kids between family and nation, respect child’s rights, enhance service and security systems as well as disadvantaged children’s subsidy and participant opportunities, promote services delivery of children with special needs, and to attain inclusive child welfare system.

 

------Urge Child Welfare Regulation,enactthe first child welfare stipulation by integrating currentchild welfare policies,improvechild protectionthrough child welfare, emphasize comprehensive functionofchild welfare authority,and establishorganizational systemsfor policy implementation.

 

------Promoteprofessionalization buildingof child serviceorganizations, enlargethe scale and scope of governments’purchase, incubatechild service organizations, put to a high value onprofessional child welfareservices, and upgrade thecredibilityof childservice organizations.

 

------Build whole society supporting systemsfor children and families, adopt a transparent social management system, encourage policies enticing social forces to engage with child welfare, and to make child welfare be involved in the whole society.

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